Backswing: Keys To Racket Preparation

Backswing: Keys to Racket Preparation

All great tennis players have some great signature shots. Be it the forehand of Federer and Nadal or the backhand of Novak Djokovic, all these great shots need a copybook backswing. Equally important is the effective racquet preparation for a world-class backswing. Also, without these two necessary steps, you won’t be able to execute your shots into winners. They might rather turn into unforced errors due to wrong timing and placement. 


Tennis is all about shot making and minimising errors. Following are the reasons why as a tennis player you need correct backswing and racquet preparation in your game. 

  • It will set you up for the shot incorrect posture and position. The shots will have a lot of power as they come from the racquet middle.
  • The timing, placement, and speed of the shot have a lot to do with the backswing. If the backswing is not timed well, the shots will be mistimed and loose. 
  • Efficient racquet preparation for the shot minimizes wrist and elbow injury chances. Hence, this is because it ensures effective weight transfer along with the shot.
  • If your racquet preparation and backswing are aligned, the follow-through would be smooth. Also, the shot-making will then become artistic.
  • From power shots like forehand and smash to the elegant serve and volley tennis, you need to master the art of backswing and effective racquet preparation. 

Having seen why you need a good backswing and efficient racquet preparation before you execute a shot, we must now see the important types of backswings in tennis. 

Straight Technique

This type of backswing is typically recommended by coaches and trainers to the beginners. Here are the racquet preparation tips to execute it

  • As you execute your racquet preparation for the shot, ensure that it is held is almost at the waist height.
  • Hold the racquet such that it is parallel to the court surface while taking the backswing, as the opponent hits the ball.
  • As you are about to execute the swing, ensure that your elbow is close to the body. Also, if the elbow is away from the body, you may lose your balance and the shot would be mistimed. 
  • Your playing arm should be slightly warped so that the backswing is correct. Also, the other arm ensures that the racquet preparation is steady and smooth. 

Circular Backswing

This type of backswing is a bit complex to execute. At the professional stage when players have mastered basic racquet preparation, they use circular backswing. Here is how it is to be executed.

  • As you take the racquet backward, the lower end should move first followed by your arm, elbow, and the racquet handle.
  • Unlike the straight one, the racquet here is placed at the shoulder or eye level. This is meant to counter shots with spin and bounce.
  • As you are through the initial racquet preparation, your elbow should bend and the body rotates sideward while preparing to execute the shot.
  • As the ball approaches near and you are about to hit, the racquet needs to come down and straighten at the elbow. This should appear like an oval follow-through. This will give speed and spin to your shot.

These are the effective backswing and racquet preparation tips we have for you. Do prepare them to polish your tennis shots.

Happy hitting!

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